China lifts 770 million rural people out of poverty
More than 770 million of the rural population in China who were living below the poverty line have been lifted out of poverty, according to figures from the World Bank.
In recent years the country embarked on a series of poverty alleviation initiatives, including improving access to transport, electricity, better drinking water and communications, which had hindered the development of these areas.
In 2020, some 98.99 million people in rural areas who were living below the current poverty threshold all shook off poverty; all the 128,000 impoverished villages and 832 designated poor counties got rid of poverty. China has eliminated poverty over entire regions in 14 contiguous poor areas across the country.
The incomes of the impoverished are increasing. The per capita disposable income of the rural poor increased from 6,079 yuan ($928) in 2013 to 12,588 yuan in 2020, up by 11.6% per annum on average.
China started creating a national database of impoverished households in 2014, and reviewed it between Aug. 2015 and June 2016, during which it removed those unqualified from the database and added those who newly became eligible. Since 2017, the database has been renewed annually for more targeted poverty alleviation.
According to statistics, the per capita net income of China’s registered poor residents reached 10,740 yuan at the end of the last year, which was much more than the international extreme poverty line.
In the next phase, China will work to ensure food security, said Tang Renjian, Minister of Agriculture and Rural Affairs. The country will ensure that its annual grain output is maintained at over 650 billion kilograms in the next five years, and strive for steady growth.
- Details can be found in the government white paper, ‘Poverty Alleviation: China’s Experience and Contribution’